What did jacques benigne bossuet write about absolutism dbq

An extraordinary general assembly of the French clergy was held to consider this question in — Bishop of Meaux, File: So what one wants is form of government where a ruler's private interest is closest to public interest, a system of government that uses human selfishness to advantage.

He is now chiefly remembered for his literary works, including funeral panegyrics for great personages. Bossuet's tutorial functions involved composing all the necessary books of instruction, including not just handwriting samples, but also manuals of philosophy, history, and religion fit for a future king of France.

The person who labors to create that object should control it as it represents his labor. Thus it is with the secrets of the prince. Though the king, in Bossuet's view, was supposed to adhere to God's laws and be bound by Christian ethical considerations, there was, in practice, no way to ensure that this would happen, since the king's earthly rule was absolute and no mortal power could serve as a check against his ambitions.

They perhaps would not have seemed so obvious if John Locke had not done such an excellent job making the case for limited governments. Bossuet unbent as far as he could, but his genius was by no means fitted to enter into the feelings of a child; and the dauphin was a cross, ungainly, sullen lad.

But, if we are to change our government, what should we look for. The Oraison, as its name betokened, stood midway between the sermon proper and what would nowadays be called a biographical sketch. Not only is this the form of government God intends for us, it's the type of government that, if we think about it, we see we ought to desire.

To what extent is his argument dependent upon the Bible and Christian assumptions. For the time being, however, Cornet and Arnaud were still on good terms. He explained his view that the goal of human life should be to have love of God as its perfect object, with neither fear of punishment nor desire for the reward of eternal life having anything to do with this pure love of God.

This is why we have seen that the royal throne is not the throne of a man, but the throne of God himself. Simon had endangered miracles by applying to them lay rules of evidence, but Malebranche abrogated miracles altogether. And whatever government we choose, we have no right to challenge its authority.

Equality Not in strength or intellect--but equal in one important respect: Bossuet argues that subjects owe complete obedience to their sovereign regardless. Yet his Discours is far more than a theological pamphlet.

Still, the nine years at court were by no means wasted. He never needed to strain for effect; his genius struck out at a single blow the thought, the feeling and the word. For one thing, to rebel disrupts the unity of the state and leads to civil war: As a priest holding a Doctor of Divinity, Bossuet earned a reputation both as a sound classical and Biblical scholar and as a brilliant preacher.

Early life and priesthood. Another Oratorian proved more dangerous still. When in Metz, he zealously performed his duties as canon. The three books fit into each other. What is this contract. A few weeks later, he defended his brilliant doctoral work and became a Doctor of Divinity.

Mankind was originally born into what Hobbes calls the state of nature: Masterpieces of French classical prose, these orations display dignity, balance, and slow thematic development; they contain emotionally charged passages but are organized according to logical argumentation.

And there is always available a means of redress on other occasions and in other times, so that each remains legitimate possessor of his property, no one being able to believe that he may ever possess anything in security contrary to the laws, whose vigilance and action against injustices and violences is immortal Pope Innocent XII selected 23 specific passages for condemnation.

He was buried at Meaux Cathedral. Lenten sermons and funeral orations. Think ye "to withstand the kingdom of the Lord in the hand of the sons of David".

In Paris, the congregations had no mercy on purely clerical logic or clerical taste; if a preacher wished to catch their ear, he had to manage to address them in terms they would agree to consider sensible and well bred. Jacques-Bénigne Bossuet (French: Bossuet was a strong advocate of political absolutism and the divine right of kings.

He argued that government was divine and that kings received their power from God. He was also an important courtier and politician.

Moral Absolutism a) Explain what is meant by Moral Absolutism. (25) Moral absolutism is an ethical theory which believes that there are absolute standards against which moral questions can be judged, and that certain actions are either right or wrong.

Moral absolutists might, for example, judge slavery, war, dictatorship, the death penalty, or child abuse to be absolutely immoral regardless of the situations or. Jacques Bossuet () was a French bishop during time of Louis XIV. He was a tremendously popular preacher and one of most prolific theological writers of his time.

Louis XIV chose him to be tutor of the dauphin, the heir to the French throne, and later to the dauphin's son, the heir to the heir.

Jacques-Bénigne Bossuet () was a theologian at the court of the French "Sun King" Louis XIV; Bossuet was one of history's most fervent defenders of absolute monarchy. For him, only God stands above the person of the king, and the king's authority cannot be challenged by any other human being.

Sep 10,  · Jacques-Benigne Bossuet 4. John Locke Which writer opposed political absolutism? 1. Niccolo Machiavelli 2. James I 3. Jacques-Benigne Bossuet 4. John Locke. Follow.

Jacques-Bénigne Bossuet's Defense of Absolute Monarchy

Can you discern in his writing the scope and limits of absolutism in practice? 4.


Who in the seventeenth-century might be Status: Resolved. Absolutism and the Divine Right of Kings. (2) Jacques-Bénigne Bossuet () was France's most important exponent of absolutism during the seventeenth century.

The foremost orator of his day, he was also tutor to Louis XIV's son, Louis the Dauphin, and an influential Bishop.

BOSSUET, HOBBES, AND LOCKE What did jacques benigne bossuet write about absolutism dbq
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Bossuet, Divine Right of Kings